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    Science SCOPE and SEQUENCE 

     
    1st Grading Period
     
    Intro to Science
    - safety
    - set up science journal
     
    Matter - Physical Properties
    - measure, compare, and contrast physical properties of matter, including:
    size, mass, volume, state of matter (solid, liquid, gas), magnetism, temperature, ability to sink/float
    - predict the changes caused by heating and cooling 
    (examples: ice becoming liquid water, condensation forming on the outside of a glass of ice water)
     
    Matter - Mixtures & Solutions
    - compare & contrast mixtures and solutions
    (examples: rocks in sand, sand in water, or sugar in water)
     
    Forms of Energy
    - determine the type of energy:  mechanical, light, sound, thermal, or electrical
     
     
    2nd Grading Period
     
    Thermal Energy
    - identify forms of thermal energy
    - conductors & insulators
     
    Electrical Energy
    - identify forms of electrical energy
    - demonstrate that electricity travels in a closed path, creating an electrical circuit
    - explore an electromagnetic field
    - conductors & insulators
     
    Investigating Forces
    - design an experiment to test the effect of force on an object such as a push/pull, gravity,
    friction, or magnetism
     
    Patterns of Change
    - collect and analyze data to identify sequences and predict patterns of change in 
    shadows, tides, seasons, and moon phases
     
     
    3rd Grading Period
     
    Weather
    - measure & record changes in the weather
    - make predictions using weather maps, weather symbols, and a map key
     
    Water Cycle
    - describe & illustrate the movement of water in the water cycle
    - explain the role of the Sun as the major source of energy for the water cycle
     
    Changes to Earth's Surface
    - observe & identify slow changes caused by weathering, erosion, and deposition from water, wind, & ice
     
    Earth's Resources
    - identify and classify Earth's resources as renewable or non-renewable
    - renewable resources:  air, plants, water, and animals
    - nonrenewable resources:  coal, oil, and natural gas
    - conservation of resources and the importance of conservation
     
    Soil
    - examine properties of soils, including color, texture, capacity to retain water, and ability to support the growth of plants
     
     
     
     
    4th Grading Period
     
    Soil - continued
    - examine properties of soil, including color, texture, capacity to retain water, and ability to support the growth of plants
     
    Plants and Animals - Structures & Functions
    - explore structures and functions of plants & animals
     
    Plants and Animals - Adaptations
    - explore how adaptations enable organisms to survive in their environment 
    (compare the beaks on different birds, compare the leaves on different plants)
    - demonstrate that some likenesses between parent and offspring are inherited: passed from generation to generation
    (example:  eye color, shape of leaves)
    - demonstrate that other likenesses are learned behaviors
    (example:  table manners, reading a book, seals balancing balls on their noses)
     
    Plants and Animals - Life Cycles
    - explore, illustrate, & compare life cycles in living organisms: butterflies, beetles, crickets, radishes, lima beans
     
    Ecosystems - Food Webs
    - most producers need sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide to make their own food
    - consumers are dependent on other organisms for food
    - describe the flow of energy through food webs, beginning with the Sun
    - predict how changes in the ecosystem affect the food web (ex: fire in a forest)