• Year at a Glance

    AP Chemistry

    Learning Objectives

    1st Quarter

    2nd Quarter

    2 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1 Week

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    MATTER, ATOMS AND STOICHOMETRY

          Classifying matter and separating different types of mixtures (LO 1.19, 2.10)

          Properties of matter (LO 2.1)

          Physical and chemical changes (LO 3.10)

          Dimensional analysis

     (LO 1.4)

          Atomic theory/structure(LO 1.1, 1.12, 1.13

          Average atomic mass and isotopes (LO 1.14)

          Empirical and molecular formula  (LO 1.3)

          Naming compounds

          Balancing chemical equations (LO 1.17, 3.2, 3.5, 3.6)

          Percent composition (LO 1.2, 1.3)

          Combustion analysis (LO 3.3)

          Stoichiometry (LO 1.4, 3.3, 3.4)

          Limiting Reagent (LO 1.4, 3.4)

          Percent yield (LO 1.4)

     

    REACTIONS IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS

    (Chapter 4 is important)

          Properties of solutions (LO 1.18)

          Precipitation reactions (LO 1.18)

          Redox reactions (LO 1.18, 3.8)

          Neutralization reactions (LO1.18)

          Titrations, Stoichometry of titrations ( LO 1.20)

          Redox titration (LO 3.9)

          Particle view (LO 3.1)

     

    THERMOCHEMISTRY

          Energy (LO 311)

          Kinetic Energy (LO 5.2)

          Maxwell- Boltzman distribution (LO 5.2)

          Heat (LO 5.3)

          Work (LO 5.4)

          Skip state functions and ship 5.8

          Enthalpy (LO 3.11)

          Calorimetry (LO 3.11, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7)

          Specific Heat Capacity(LO 5.6)

          Hess’s Law

          Enthalpy of formation (LO 5.6)

          Heat of solution (LO 6.24)

     

    KINETICS

          Rate Law (LO 4.2, 4.4)

          Factors that affect the rate of a reaction (LO 4.1)

          Zero, first and second order reactions (LO 4.2)

          Half-life for first order reactions only (LO 4.3)

          Integrated Rate Law

          Collision theory (LO 4.1, 4.4, 4.5)

          Reaction mechanism (LO 4.7)

          Identification of catalyst and intermediates (LO 4.8, 4.9)

          Energy profile (LO 4.6, 4.8)

          Skip Arrehenius equation and enzymes.

     

    Start EQUILIBRIUM

     

    1.5 weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1 week

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2.5 weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1.5 Weeks

     EQUILIBRIUM

          Concept of Equilibrium (LO 5.18, 6.7)

          Reversible reactions (LO 6.1)

          Equilibrium constant (LO 5.17, 6.5, 6.6, 6.7)

          Heterogeneous Equilibrium (LO 6.5)

          Le-Chatelier principle (LO 5.16, 6.3, 6.8, 6.9, 6.10)

          Q vs K (LO 6.4, 6.6)

     

    SOLUTION

    (Only sections 13.1 to 13.4)

          Solvation process (LO 2.8)

          Solubility (LO 2.14, 2.15)

          Factors affecting Solubility (LO 6.22 6.23)

          Saturated, unsaturated and super saturated

          Molarity and mass percent (LO 2.9)

          Skip mole fraction and molality

     

      ACID BASE EQUILIBRIUM

          Strong and weak acids and bases (LO 6.11, 6.12,6.17)

          Bronsted acid and bases/conjugate acid and base pair (LO 3.7, 6.18)

          pH scale (LO 6.12, 6.15, 6.19)

          Auto-ionization of water (LO 6.14)

          Kw, Ka and Kb (LO 2.2, 6.14)

          Acid strength (LO 6.12)

          Factors that affect acid strength (LO 2.2)

          Percent ionization of acids (LO 6.12)

          Titration (LO 6.13)

          pKa and pKb (LO 6.13,6.19)

          RICE/ICE table (LO 6.16)

          Skip Section 16.11

     

     AQUEOUS EQUILIBRIUM

          Buffers (LO 6.18, 6.20)

          Common ion effect

          Titrations, Section 17.3

          Ksp, section 17.4 and 17.5 (LO 6.21, 6.22)

          Common ion effect (LO 6.23)

          Skip 17.7

          Q vs K (LO 6.2, 6.6)

     

     THERMODYNAMICS

          Entropy (LO 5.12)

          Thermodynamically favorable (LO 5.13, 5.14)

          Free Energy/ Equilibrium Constant (LO 6.25)

          Coupled reactions (LO 5.15)

          Vibrational and rotational motion (LO 1.15)

          Skip Boltzman’s equation

     

     

     

     

     

     

    3rd Quarter

    4th Quarter

    3 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1 Week

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1 Week

     

     

     

     

    2 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    2 Weeks

    ELECTROCHEMISTRY

          Redox reactions (LO 3.8)

          Half-reactions (LO 3.12)

          Galvanic and Electrolytic cells (LO 3.12, 3.13)

          Cell Potential (3.12)

          Free energy (FC)

          Batteries (LO 3.12 3.13))

          Electrolysis (LO 3.13 5.15)

          Skip Nernst equation

          Skip oxidizing and reducing agents

          Reduction Potential (LO 3.12)

     

    ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ATOMS

          Skip quantum numbers

          Skip De Broglie and Heisenberg

          Wavelength, frequency, Energy calculations (FC)

          Beers law (LO 1.16)

          Electromagnetic spectrum (FC)

          Electronic configuration (LO 1.7 1.8))

          Photons and quanta of energy (FC)

          Ground state and excited state (LO 1.5)

          PES  (LO 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7)

          Coulomb’s law(LO 1.7 and 1.8)

     

    PERIODIC PROPERTIES

          Effective nuclear charge (LO 1.9 and 1.10)

          Atomic Radii, Ionization energy and electron affinity (LO 1.7, 1.8, 1.9 and 1.11)

          Skip 7.7 and 7.8

     

    BONDING

          Lewis dot structures (LO 2.21, 2.29)

          Covalent vs Ionic (LO 2.17, 2.22)

          Crystal Lattice (LO 2.23, 2.24)

          Bond energy(important) (5.1)

          Polarity (LO 2.18, 2.21)

          Electronegativity (LO 2.17)

          Resonance structures

          Exceptions to octet rule (LO 2.21)

          Bond strength (LO 5.1)

          Bond enthalpy (LO 5.8)

          Boiling point, Solubility, hardness, brittleness, low volatility, malleability, ductility, conductivity in terms of ionic and covalent bonding. (LO 2.19, 2.22, 2.30, 2..31)

          Metallic bonding (LO 2.20 and 2.26, 2.25, 2.27)

     

    MOLECULAR GEOMETRY

          VSEPR (LO 2.21)

          Hybridization, sp, sp2, sp3 only (LO 2.21)

          Delocalized electrons (LO 2.28)

          HOFBrINCl

          Skip 9.7 and 9.8 (molecular orbitals and diatomic molecules)

     

     

     

    1.5 Weeks

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    1.5 Weeks

    GASES Gas laws (LO 2.5, 2.6)

          Barometer (LO 2.6)

          Density and molar mass (LO 3.3)

          Partial pressure and Mole fraction (3.3)

          Gases over water (LO 2.6)

          Kinetic molecular theory (LO 2.4, 2.5)

          Effusion and diffusion

          Real gases (LO 2.4)

          Why does a gas deviate from ideal gas behavior (LO 2.4, 2.12, 2.12)

          Skip Graham’s Law and Vander Waal’s equation

     

    INTERMOLECULAR FORCES (important) 

          All intermolecular forces (LO 2.3, 2.11, 2.29, 2.32, 5.9, 5.11)

          Dipole-dipole attraction and Hydrogen bonding (LO 2.13)

          Particulate models (LO 2.3, 2.25)

          Intermolecular versus Intramolecular interactions (LO 5.10)

          Phase changes (LO 5.6 2.3)

          Heating curves (LO 5.6 2.3)

          Vapor pressure (2.16)

          Intermolecular  forces on micro and macro level (LO 2.16)

          Skip Section 11.7, liquid crystals

          Chromatography (LO 2.7)

     

    End of year Review

    End of year lab Review

     

    After AP exam

            Additional labs

            Project

            Lab Inventory