McKinney-Vento provides the statutory definition of homelessness used by public school education. In compliance with McKinney-Vento, all homeless children are provided access to a free and appropriate public school education.
Under this Act, homelessness is defined as any student who lacks fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. These conditions include, but are not limited to:
- Sharing housing (due to loss or hardship)
- Living in a hotel, motel, campgrounds, emergency or transitional shelters; abandoned in hospitals; or awaiting foster care placement.
- Primary nighttime residence not designed for ordinary use as a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
- Living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, or bus or train stations.
- Unaccompanied youth or youth not in the physical custody of a parent or guardian.